Productive land resources in Egypt are under multiple natural and human pressures and factors that are leading to soil degradation and desertification. The situation of irrigated areas is getting worse for the fact that the main source of irrigation comes from the Nile water that contains high concentrations of pollutant elements and from the reuse of agricultural drainage water containing residues of fertilizers and pesticides. Rising sea level also poses a threat to agricultural land causing coastal intrusion of sea into groundwater and reducing agricultural productivity. Moreover, a very rapid population growth is causing an expansion of urban areas in particular over the fertile agricultural lands. Urbanization is considered one of the most serious land degradation processes in the Country.
Nevertheless, efforts by the government authorities of Egypt efforts are faced to a wide range of obstacles mostly related to the following constraints: improper and irrational land use policy and planning, lack of scientific knowledge and technical expertise able to cope with complex problems, weak technical capabilities of some institutions to carry out integrated and multidisciplinary studies and follow-up of land degradation issues and evaluation of their impacts on productivity and desertification, undeveloped educational and training programs relating to land management and conservation, absence of national, regional and international networking, ineffective mechanisms for technology transfer, exchange of experience and cooperation at different levels, lack of mechanisms for enhancing community participation in decision making.
In order to develop institutional and individual capacities, support modernization and internationalization of higher education and reduce the existing Egyptian constraints, the project aims to organize a training course for teaching staff to develop knowledge exchanges, update technical skills on SLM issues and acquire new methodological and technical abilities to face the complexity of the problems.
|European Commission, Erasmus+, KA2 – Capacity-building in the Field of Higher Education|
|Desertification Research Center – UNISS, Università degli Studi di Sassari|
|From 15/10/2015 to|
|Marco Di Donato, m.didonato[AT]uni-med.net|